Keeping an Observatory Logbook
Joachim Köppen Strasbourg 2008
The observatory's logbook serves two functions:
to inform any user of the state of the instrument and whether there have been
any problems or irregularities. If these were not recorded, it will be more
difficult to identify the error and fix it. The other vital function is to
keep all additional information about the observation itself, such as
anything that is not recorded in the data file, but will or might be of importance
for the interpretation.
What we should do:
- record the times of starting the system, and also when the system is
- every time you change the orientation of the antenna, write down the time
and the position to which you have moved. This is because these data are
not stored on the file, and sometimes the exact positions will be important
when interpreting the wiggles of the plot. Someone made a couple of attempts
to observe the moon, and he had the impression that the positions did not
agree with the predictions ... however, he did not keep any record at all,
and thus the data he obtained are completely useless ... moreover, we could
never find out what went wrong!
- record any irregularity of the system
- it is better to write down as much as possible: the measurements of the sun
and the calibration source; although these will be stored in the file, it is
good to write them down ... to see what values you get later in the observation
- add your comments and explanations ... like "missed the sun again"; write
down your impressions and thoughts ... even if you one hour later find out
that you did something wrong or your interpretation wasn't correct ...
you might have forgotten all that when you look at the data the next day!
but then it is too late to exactly reconstruct what you had been doing!
- when you try out something or run a test, record what you do, why you do it,
your thoughts and findings
- on 10 GHz the water vapour in the atmosphere causes absorption. While this
may have only a small effect on strong sources (sun and satellites), it is
crucial for a weak source, such as the moon. Thus it is a good point to look
out of the window and record the weather ... this may make it later easier
when you find that the measurements on one day are a bit different from the
other days ...
- paper is patient: better write too much than too little.
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last update: 6 Jan. 2008 J.Köppen